Kennedy weiterhin für sportliche Aktivitäten ein. President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. Präsident Dwight D. Eisenhower gründete den. Die USA gelten als die führende Sportnation. Doch was wissen wir wirklich über den amerikanischen Sport, außer dass Baseball, American Football und. Unter Einbeziehung von Eishockey und seltener Fußball werden diese Mannschaftssportarten im deutschen Sprachraum zumeist unter dem Begriff US-Sport.
Sport in den Vereinigten StaatenAktuelle Meldungen und News, Liveticker, Ergebnisse & Tabelle, Bilder, Videos zu US-Sport: NBA, NFL, NHL, MLB. Kennedy weiterhin für sportliche Aktivitäten ein. President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. Präsident Dwight D. Eisenhower gründete den. So ist auffallend das Fussball (in den USA Soccer genannt) hier nicht der beliebteste Sport im Land ist. Beliebteste Sportarten sind ganz klar.
Sports In The Usa Sports and Education: A Love Story VideoMost Popular Sports in the U.S.A
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Sports have contributed to racial and social integration and over history have been a "social glue" bonding the country together. Early Americans like Benjamin Franklin and President Thomas Jefferson stressed the need for exercise and fitness promoting for example running and swimming.
Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy continued to encourage physical activity. President Dwight D. Eisenhower founded the President's Council on Youth Fitness in to encourage America's youth to make fitness a priority.
The Council later became the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, including people of all ages and abilities and promoting fitness through sports and games.
Today, the Council continues to play an important role in promoting fitness and healthy living in America. The United States offers limitless pportunities to engage in sports - either as a participant or as a spectator.
Of those Americans citing their favorite sport, basketball is ranked second counting amateur levels behind football.
Basketball was invented in by Canadian physical education teacher James Naismith in Springfield, Massachusetts.
The National Basketball Association NBA is the world's premier men's professional basketball league and one of the major professional sports leagues of North America.
It contains 30 teams 29 teams in the U. After the regular season, eight teams from each conference compete in the playoffs for the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy.
Since the Summer Olympics , NBA players have represented the United States in international competition and won numerous important tournaments. The Dream Team was the unofficial nickname of the United States men's basketball team that won the gold medal at the Olympics.
Basketball at both the college and high school levels is popular throughout the country. Every March, a team, six-round, single-elimination tournament commonly called March Madness determines the national champions of NCAA Division I men's college basketball.
Most U. Many high school basketball teams have intense local followings, especially in the Midwest and Upper South. Ever since the s, an increasing number of players born outside the United States have signed with NBA teams, sparking league interest in different parts of the world.
Professional basketball is most followed in cities where there are no other sports teams in the four major professional leagues, such as in the case of the Oklahoma City Thunder ,  the Sacramento Kings , the San Antonio Spurs , the Memphis Grizzlies , or the Portland Trail Blazers.
New York City has also had a long historical connection with college and professional basketball, and many basketball legends initially developed their reputations playing in the many playgrounds throughout the city.
Minor league basketball, both official and unofficial, has an extensive presence, given the sport's relative lack of expense to operate a professional team.
The most prominent independent league is BIG3 , a three-on-three league featuring former NBA stars that launched in Several other pro basketball leagues exist but are notorious for their instability and low budget operations.
The WNBA is the premier women's basketball league in the United States as well as the most stable and sustained women's professional sports league in the nation.
Several of the 12 teams are owned by NBA teams. Historically, women's basketball in the United States followed a six-woman-per-team format in which three players on each team stayed on the same side of the court throughout the game.
The six-person variant was abolished for college play in , and over the course of the s and s was steadily abolished at the high school level, with the last states still sanctioning it switching girls over to the men's five-on-five code in the early s.
Ice hockey , usually referred to in the U. In the U. However, since the s, hockey has become increasingly popular in the Sun Belt due in large part to the expansion of the National Hockey League to the southern U.
Minor league professional hockey leagues in the U. Additionally, nine U. College hockey has a regional following in the northeastern and upper midwestern United States.
It is increasingly being used to develop players for the NHL and other professional leagues the U. The Frozen Four is college hockey's national championship.
Internationally, the United States is counted among the Big Six , the group of nations that have historically dominated international ice hockey competition.
One of the nation's greatest ever sporting moments was the " Miracle on Ice ", [ citation needed ] which came during the Winter Olympics when the U.
Historically, the vast majority of NHL players had come from Canada, with a small number of Americans. As late as —70, Canadian players made up 95 percent of the league.
For a more complete discussion, see Origin of NHL players. The National Women's Hockey League , founded in , is the first women's ice hockey league in the country to pay its players and features five teams in the northeast and upper midwest, with a Canadian team joining in — Three of the five U.
At the international level, the United States women's national ice hockey team is one of the two predominant international women's teams in the world, alongside its longtime rival Team Canada.
Soccer has been increasing in popularity in the United States in recent years. Soccer is played by over 13 million people in the U.
Most NCAA Division I colleges field both a men's and women's varsity soccer team, and those that field only one team almost invariably field a women's team.
The United States men's national team and women's national team , as well as a number of national youth teams, represent the United States in international soccer competitions and are governed by the United States Soccer Federation U.
Major League Soccer is the premier soccer league in the United States. As of its current season, MLS has 26 clubs 23 from the U.
The league plans to expand to 28 teams in with further plans to expand to 30 teams by The game schedule runs from mid-March to late October, with the playoffs and championship in November.
Soccer-specific stadiums continue to be built for MLS teams around the country, both because football stadiums are considered to have excessive capacity, and because teams profit from operating their stadiums.
With an average attendance of over 21, per game, MLS has the third-highest average attendance of any sports league in the U.
Another competition, the second North American Soccer League , had been the second-level league until being demoted in due to instability, and soon effectively folded.
Younger generations of Americans have strong fan appreciation for the sport, due to factors such as the U.
Many immigrants living in the United States continue to follow soccer as their favorite team sport. Women's professional soccer in the United States has not seen sustained success.
Following the demise of two professional leagues in the early 21st century, the Women's United Soccer Association — and Women's Professional Soccer — , U.
Soccer established a new National Women's Soccer League in The NWSL has now survived longer than both of its two professional predecessors combined.
Of its current nine teams, six share ownership with professional men's clubs—four are wholly owned by MLS team owners, one is wholly owned by a USLC side, and another is primarily owned by a French Ligue 1 side.
A tenth team set to start play in is also owned by a USLC side. However, at the lower levels of the salary scale, the NWSL is effectively semi-professional.
Many notable international soccer players played in the U. The best American soccer players enter the U. Soccer Hall of Fame.
The following table shows additional sports that are played by over , people in the United States. Lacrosse is a team sport that is believed to have originated with the Iroquois and the Lenape.
While its roots remain east, lacrosse is currently the fastest growing sport in the nation. Major League Lacrosse is a semi-professional Field Lacrosse league also operating nationally.
Volleyball is a notable sport in the United States, especially at the college and university levels. In the —12 school year, over schools in NCAA Division I alone the highest of three NCAA tiers sponsored women's volleyball at the varsity level,  while fewer than schools in all three NCAA divisions combined sponsored varsity men's volleyball, with only 23 of them in Division I.
As of , there are currently two leagues that branch across the United States. The NVA currently [ when? Beach volleyball has increasingly [ quantify ] become popular in the United States, in part due to media exposure during the Olympic Games.
Rugby union is played professionally Major League Rugby , recreationally and in colleges, though it is not governed by the NCAA see college rugby.
An estimated 1. In rugby sevens , the men's national team is one of 15 "core teams" that participate in every event of the annual World Rugby Sevens Series , and the women's national team is one of 11 core teams in the Women's Sevens Series.
The professional domestic club competition PRO Rugby began play in April ,  but lasted only one season; a second attempt at a professional league, Major League Rugby , launched in Rugby union participation in the U.
College rugby is the fastest growing college sport in the USA. Rugby football formed the basis of modern American football ; the two sports were nearly identical in the late 19th century but diverged into distinct, incompatible codes by the start of the 20th century.
In it was estimated that 30, people in the United States play or watch cricket annually. One reason was the 19th-century-rise of the summer time bat and ball sport now called baseball, which seems to have displaced cricket as a popular pastime.
Nevertheless, in the US was admitted to the renamed ICC as an associate member and the sport grew in popularity in the second half of the 20th century.
An oft mentioned reason for the growing popularity of cricket is the growing population of immigrants to the US who come from cricket playing nations.
With the launching of the United States Youth Cricket Association in , a more focused effort to bring the game to American schools was begun, with the intention of broadening cricket's fan base beyond expatriates and their children.
Professional league, Major League Cricket is planning to launch its first season in Handball , a common popular sport in European countries , is seldom seen in the United States.
Handball is played in the Summer Olympics , but is not sanctioned by the NCAA; all college and university teams play as club teams. Ultimate is a team sport played with a flying disc.
The object of the game is to score points by passing the disc to members of your own team until you have completed a pass to a team member in the opposing team's end zone.
Over 5. Alternative sports, using the flying disc, began in the mid-sixties, when numbers of young people looked for alternative recreational activities, including throwing a Frisbee.
Disc sports such as disc freestyle , disc dog with a human handler throwing discs for a dog to catch , double disc court , disc guts , disc ultimate , and disc golf became this sport's first events.
Beginning in , the International Frisbee Disc Association became the regulatory organization for all of these sports.
Among the three credited with its invention was future hollywood producer Joel Silver. Spread to mostly East Coast colleges by Columbia HS graduates in the early s, and developed nearly in parallel in Southern California, the game began to have unofficial championships played in Loosely organized in its early years, Ultimate developed as an organized sport with the creation of the Ultimate Players Association.
The sport grew rapidly throughout the country, establishing a Women's division in , splitting its College division from the Club adult division in , a Mixed Club division in , and Youth championships from As club, college and youth play continued to expand rapidly,  more-entrepreneurial enthusiasts looked to turn player interest into spectator dollars.
The two ran in parallel through , when MLU folded; AUDL has sustained play through and expanded from 8 teams in to 21 teams in The development of snowboarding was inspired by skateboarding, sledding, surfing and skiing.
Australian rules football in the United States was first played in the country in S, with various clubs and leagues around the country.
The National Championships are held annually. The United States men's national Australian rules football team and the women's national team both regularly play international matches, and play in the Australian Football International Cup , an international tournament.
The sport also benefits from an active fan based organization, the Australian Football Association of North America.
Bandy is only played in Minnesota. In terms of licensed athletes, it is the second biggest winter sport in the world.
Cricket in the United States is not a popular sport, but has a niche market with limited inroads, mainly in immigrant communities. Cricket used to be the most popular sport in America during the 18th and early 19th centuries, [ citation needed ] but declined as baseball overtook cricket.
The first intercollegiate tournament in America was the first annual Canada vs. Curling is popular in northern states, [ citation needed ] possibly because of climate, proximity to Canada, or Scandinavian heritage.
The national popularity of curling is growing after significant media coverage of the sport in the and Winter Olympics.
They do not have a high profile but are developing sports [ citation needed ] , with New York fielding a representative team in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship.
Field hockey is played in the United States predominantly by women. It is played widely at numerous NCAA colleges. Inline hockey was invented by Americans as a way to play the sport in all climates [ citation needed ].
The PIHA is the league with the largest number of professional teams in the nation. Street hockey is a non-standard version of inline hockey played by amateurs in informal games.
The United States national rugby league team played in their first World Cup in losing to Australia in the quarter finals 62—0.
Water polo does not have a professional competition in the U. College esports in the United States began around Various schools began forming esports clubs to play any number of video games in collegiate tournaments.
In there were at least over college varsity programs. The Overwatch League is a professional esports league for the video game Overwatch , produced by its developer Blizzard Entertainment.
For the most part, unlike sports in Europe and other parts of the world, there is no system of promotion and relegation in American professional sports.
Major sports leagues operate as associations of franchises. The same 30—32 teams play in the league each year unless they move to another city or the league chooses to expand with new franchises.